In Part 1 of this series I talked about how a fabric is made, the types of fibers and where they come from. I explained the difference between patterns and prints and talked about the linen. In Part 2, I talked about Cotton. Now I’m going to talk about Silk.
History: Legend tells that silk was discovered by the Chinese Empress Si-Lung-Schi, around 1800/2000 BC when a silkworm cocoon fell from a mulberry in its teacup. She noticed that the cocoon, when wet, formed a thread. I do not know why she decided to weave with the wire, but that’s what she did.
Production: The Chinese began producing silk around 2700 BC and kept secret how they made the fabric. – 3000 years of secrecy, dammit! But they also banned the export and punished with death the egg dealers of silkworm larvae and mulberry seeds (vital in the process).
The Europeans only discovered the secret in 552, when the Roman Emperor Justinian sent monks to China to spy on. On the way back, they brought eggs from the Bombyx mori dragonfly.Thus, Constantinople became the first silk center of Europe. In the following centuries, sericulture (as it is called the manufacture of silk) has spread throughout the world.
Silk is made from the cocoon of various types of dragonfly. The most common is Bombyx mori , responsible for 95% of world production. The larva expels a liquid through its salivary glands (fibroina) surrounding it with a species of glue (sericina) that solidifies immediately when in contact with the air.
Even mechanized, the production process is basically the same for 5000 years: After 30 days eating only mulberry leaves, the silkworm builds its cocoon and inside it, it becomes a chrysalis. To get the silk, the poor animal dies in the process, you know? That’s because if he leaves the cocoon, he’ll break the thread…So…
Photo of cocoons of the silkworm of the site Odireitoavida that emphasizes that to make a simple kilo of silk 2000 to 3000 larvae are dead. The site also informs that there is a silk called Ahimsa , produced from the same larva, but without killing it in the process.
You can see the whole process (what kills the bug) in this great video (in 2 parts) or this link
Each cocoon produces 458 thousand meters of silk, in this case, cocoons that have only one whole thread. About 5 kilograms of cocoons are needed to produce 1 kilo of pure silk.
Currently the largest silk producers are China, Japan, Korea and Brazil.
In Brazil, the first mulberry trees were planted in Minas, by order of D. Maria I, the mad queen, who reigned from 1777 to 1792. But silk production began only in the second empire. The development of national sericulture took only breath at the end of World War II. Currently Brazil is the 4th, world producer of silk.
With the emergence of synthetic fibers the production and consumption of silk has greatly decreased, but it is still used to make clothing, lace, decorative fabrics and carpets, most often mixed with other natural or synthetic fabrics . Silk fiber is very expensive. Matelasse (in the 18th century) and velvet (until the 19th century) were made of silk and are currently produced with various types of fibers, including silk fibers. Characteristics: Silk is It is soft, luminous, bright and comfortable; It does not cause skin irritation; Fades when exposed to sunlight and perspiration; Not resistant to chemicals; It can be attacked by moths and insects; It requires a lot of care in washing and treatment. Silk has the characteristic of being cool in summer and warm in winter. The silk fabric is antibacterial and hypoallergenic as well.
In the decoration it is used in cushions, covering of sofas and armchairs , curtains, wallpapers with textile finishing, carpets, bedding. To increase its resistance, it is often lined with thickerfabrics. Here at IAMACCEPTED.COM you can get more different wall decors.
The silk fiber is used in various fabrics, in addition to the silk fabric itself: Crepe, satin crepe, crepe geogerte, gauze, organza, shantung, muslin, taffeta, twill, taffeta, flannel and silk straw -What has different is The shape of weaving and / or dyeing, but we’ll still talk about everything (this story is huge!)
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